Veeramalla Lingaswamy, Dr. Manvikar P R, Dr. Surekha D Jadhav, Dr. Sudhir E Pawar
Knee joint is the most complicated joint. Intra-articular structures of knee joints are commonly injured during sports and accidents. Menisci are one of the important functional unit that helps in load distribution hence reduces stress on the knee joint. Morphology and morphometry of menisci provides the information of exact size and shape, which is helpful for meniscal transplantation in patients of meniscal damage. Aim of the present study was to determine the morphology and morphometry of medial meniscus.
Method: Study was conducted at the Dr. D. Y Patil Medical College, Pune and DVVPF’s Medical College and Hospital, Ahmednagar, Department of Anatomy. In this study, 150 menisci from 75 adult cadavers were taken. Mensci were approached anteriorly and collected. Each meniscus was observed for shape and measured outer and inner circumference, distance between 2 horns, width, thickness with help of digital Vernier Caliper. Statistical analysis was done by descriptive statistics as mean, SD, percentage.
Results: Medial meniscus were crescent shape in 65.33 % , V shaped 16%, U shaped 10% , sickle shaped 8% and incomplete discoid in 0.66%. We observed minimum distance between two horns on right side was 5.98 mm and 2.23 mm on left side while maximum distance on right side was 20.12 mm and on left it was17.88. Average thickness was 6.2 mm.
Conclusion: Morphology and morphometry data of medial meniscus reported in present study can be useful in making artificial meniscus prostheses. Also it will provide information to anatomists and anthropologist.